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研究:结婚可能会对抑郁有所帮助

【 2007-7-24 发布 】 美迪医讯
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虽然,压抑的人们与无压抑的个体相比,婚姻质量较差,但结婚可能使他们在心理水平上受益。这个结论是由最新的一项研究揭示的。
 
“基于先前的研究,我们假设压抑的人们婚姻的质量较差,从而较少从婚姻中受益,”俄亥俄州立大学Adrianne Frech博士说,“但是我们的研究结果不完全这样认为。”

Frech团队所使用的数据来自国家家庭普查。这项研究包括3,066未婚个体在55岁或以下。为了确定压抑的个体,研究学者使用一项含有12个部分的检测项目,并且把达到23分或更高的病人视为受压抑人群。

又经过5年后续研究,研究学者对研究对象此阶段内结婚后的状态做了调查,询问他们的婚姻质量以及他们心理学上婚前婚后的变化。此研究排除了那些五年中结婚后又离婚的的个体。

研究表明,五年间结婚的个体与仍单身的个体相比,测试分数下降3.5分。对所有压抑的个体来说,结婚的人群与单身个体相比在情感指数上平均下降7.5分。而未有压抑表现的对照人群中结婚对其心理因素的改变很小。

研究结果确定受压抑的人群从婚姻中得到的欢乐较少、而困惑较多。然而,结婚可以改善他们的情感。先前的研究还表明受压抑的人群从稳定的社会支持中获得的好处要比不受压抑的人群要多得多。

美国佛州大学社会学博士Robin Simon赞同此项研究得到的结果。她说:“这项研究与我的理解相一致。压抑的一种症状是单独并缺乏友谊。对结婚能改善心理状态,我一点也不吃惊。”


Depression: Getting Married Seems To Help

Even though depressed people have a poorer marriage quality than people who are not depressed, marriage provides greater psychological benefits for them, a new study reveals. 

“Based on previous research, we hypothesized that people who are depressed would have worse marital quality and would therefore experience fewer benefits from marriage,” Adrianne Frech, , Ph.D. from Ohio State University in Columbus said, “but that is not what we found.” 

Frech’s team used data from the National Survey of Families and Households. The study included 3,066 unmarried people aged 55 years and under. To identify depressed individuals, researchers used a 12-item test for depression and considered respondents depressed if they scored 23 or more points on the test. 

After a follow-up period of five years, researchers identified people who married during the period, asked about the quality of their marriages and how their psychological well-being changed. The study excluded participants who married but ended up divorcing before the five-year follow-up. 

Researchers found that the participants who married within the five-year period scored an average of about 3.5 points lower on the depression test than those who remained single. Of all the depressed participants, those who got married scored an average 7.5 points lower on the mood scale than the people who remained single. The non-depressed experienced a smaller change in their psychological well-being if they got married. 

Results from the study confirmed that depressed people report less marital happiness and more marital conflict. Nevertheless, being married enhanced their mood. Previous studies also suggest that depressed people benefit from stable social support more than the non-depressed. 

Robin Simon, Ph.D., associate professor of sociology from Florida State University in Tallahassee, agrees that this is likely. “The study’s findings make perfect sense to me. One symptom of depression is loneliness and lack of companionship. I am not surprised that marriage would supply a psychological boost for the previously depressed,” she said. 

本文关键字: 抑郁 结婚 
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